How to set the value of a form element using Javascript

As we have seen in earlier articles, in order to work with forms in JavaScript, it is imperative to obtain references to the form object and its elements. In this article, we will be using the forms collection of the document object and the elements collection of the form object to set the values of the form elements.
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How to use getElementById to get the elements in a form

Sample code
Download the sample code here: getelementbyid-form-sample.zip

There are many ways of accessing form elements, of which the easiest is by using the cross-browser W3C DOM document.getElementById() method. Before we learn more about this method, it would be useful to know something about the Document Object Model (DOM), the concept of HTML nodes or elements, and the concept of containers.
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HTML Form Tutorial

While other elements of HTML gives style and meaning to your website, an HTML form adds interactivity. HTML forms handle important functions like taking orders, surveys, user registration and more. You will hardly find a single web site without forms.

How does an HTML form work?

A web form has two parts: the HTML ‘front end’ and a back end form processor. The HTML front end part handles the presentation while the back end handles the form submissions (like saving the form submissions, sending emails etc).
The back end form processor script is usually written in languages like PHP, ASP or Perl.
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